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por Leonardo Oliveira de Almeida publicado 08/05/2018 15h28, última modificação 08/05/2018 15h29

According to the Regulations of the Program, the Post Graduate Program in Law aims to train researchers, teachers and other professionals in the area of ​​legal knowledge through criticism, philosophical systematization and in-depth study of legal issues for development the science of law.

This critical formation of its student body and faculty should be seen in the perspective of the Academic Policy of the University that has as its main line the construction of citizenship as a collective patrimony of civil society. In this perspective, the program seeks to train teachers, researchers and legal operators with a critical spirit, committed to solving the problems that historical social reality offers them, since legal research has meaning only when linked to the social reality consciously reflected and praxis committed to Citizenship as a collective value.

The jurist must not only contribute to the solution of social conflicts, but also understand their origin, which allows a critical distance and awareness of the implications of positive law in a society marked by the social inefficiency of law and by the mismatch between legal- Formal and social and economic inequalities.

The purpose of the Program is, according to its regulations, to assign the Master degree to students who complete it in accordance with its regulations and other institutional norms and relevant legislation (article 2). Trained as a researcher, the Master in Law works in university teaching, research and extension, mainly in undergraduate program. Being considered as the degree of entrance in the academic career, the masters prepares, in addition, the professional for the independent research, required to obtain the degree of doctor in Law. Although most masters in law also act as legal practitioners, namely as judges, prosecutors and lawyers, the purpose of the master's degree is to prepare the student for a career in academia, that is, the training of university professors who will work in the program of Law graduation.

This task supposes the formation of professionals who give materiality to the constitutional principle laid down in art. 207 of the Brazilian Constitution:

Article 207. Universities enjoy didactic-scientific, administrative and management autonomy and shall obey the principle of the indissociability between teaching, research and extension.

The possibility of materializing the principle of indissociability between teaching, research and extension, the paradigm of a socially referenced university and the matrix of collective work projects in higher education, presupposes reconciling a critical analysis of education, taking as a reference the socio-political-economic contexto, with pedagogical procedures that favor a learning based on the historicity of the sciences and the problematization of its application in social practice. The exercise of teaching in higher education therefore presupposes the mastery of the area of ​​knowledge that is taught, associated with didactic and pedagogical knowledge, which enables the teacher to carry out the educational action by associating teaching, research and extension, with scientific criteria and according to the intended educational project.

The Law on the Guidelines and Bases of National Education No. 9394/96 establishes as a minimum requirement for the exercise of teaching in basic education, the pedagogical training offered in undergraduate program. However, for teaching in higher education, there is no such requirement, as if mastery of a specific knowledge, automatically implies the ability to teach it, translating into effective learning on the part of the students. However, postgraduate programs, which form and titrate university professors, do not always include training for teaching, that is, studies related to the teaching of knowledge to which the student engages.

The teaching practice can be reduced to the mere reproduction of the models learned in the classroom, if it is not subject to a systematic and continuous reflection, to examine questions about why, so that for whom, what and how is taught and is learned. And teaching practice in higher education, as is known, includes the carrying out of teaching, research and extension activities, associated and organically linked to the pedagogical project of the program for which it is intended.

Thus designed, this program aims to constitute a field of learning about these issues, from the problematization of concrete situations experienced in higher education and, in this way, to enhance and improve the performance of professionals who dedicate themselves or intend to dedicate themselves to teaching in public and private higher education institutions.

In addition to the objective of the program, the production of legal knowledge is contextualized through its methods of critical reasoning in relation to its ethical and political aspects of the knowledge that it produces. Prioritizing the production of knowledge aimed at the search for emancipatory possibilities of social groups and individuals.